Co-products and by-products from copper mining

A total of 18 byproducts and coproducts of copper mining have been identified in [1]. For 6 elements, copper mining ensures over 50% of global production, and for 3, even more than 80%.

byproducts1.png

References

[1] https://www.oakdenehollins.com/reports/2014/1/15/study-of-by-products-of-copper-lead-zinc-nickel-executive-summary?rq=by%20products (2014 – checked October 2018)

[2] https://www.researchgate.net/scientific-contributions/73225762_E_V_Verhoef (author page – checked October 2018)

[3] https://www.princeton.edu/~ota/disk2/1988/8808/880811.PDF (not dated – checked October 2018)